Dr Balaji Rao K

Contact Details

Dr Balaji Rao K
Chief Scientist & Advisor (Management)
CSIR-SERC
Taramani, Chennai – 600 113
E-mail: balaji(at)serc(dot)res(dot)in
Phone:91 44 22549203
Academic Background
  • Ph. D in Civil Engineering , Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Science , Bangalore, September 1990. (Title of the Thesis: Studies on Reliability of Reinforced Concrete Beams in Cracking and Ferrocement Elements in Tension and Flexure, 872 pp.)
  • M.E. in Civil Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Science , Bangalore
  • B.Tech. in Civil Engineering, JNTU College of Engineering, Ananatapur, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University
Professional Background
  • Chief Scientist, CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, Chennai, 23rd  July 2010 – till date
  • Senior Principal Scientist, CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, Chennai, 23rd July 2005 – 22nd July 2010
  • Principal Scientist, CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, Chennai, 23rd July 2000 – 22nd July 2005
  • Senior Scientist, CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, Chennai, 23rd July 1995 – 22nd July 2000
  • Scientist, CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, Chennai, 14th September 1990 – 22nd July 1995
  • CSIR Fellow, CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, Chennai, 23rd July 1990 – 13th September 1990
  • Senior Assistant Engineer, Tata Consulting Engineers, Bangalore, 17th May 1990 – 13th July 1990
  • Project Assistant, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 9th March 1990 – 16th May 1990
Areas of Scientific Interest
  • Stochastic modelling of natural hazards and loads
  • Material behaviour and Damage evolution
  • Risk analysis and risk-consistent design of reinforced concrete, prestressed concrete and ferrocement structures and structural members
  • Hybrid uncertainty handling in structural engineering.
Awards & Honours

Academic Honours and Awards

  •  First rank in Intermediate at the Government College, Anantapur, April 1977.
  • Awarded proficiency prizes in Mathematics and Chemistry.
  •  Awarded State Special Merit Scholarship.
  •  First rank in B.Tech programme for Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Andhra Pradesh, February 1982.
  •  Awarded University Gold Medal for standing first in the University
  •  Received Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund, New Delhi, for standing first.
  • First rank in Civil Engineering, M.E, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 1984.
  • Awarded N.S. Govinda Rao Medal for standing first in civil Engineering.
  •  Awarded P.S. Narayana Medal by Indian Institute of Science, 1990 (the thesis adjudged as the best thesis in the Division of Mechanical Sciences).
  •  Awarded Sir Vithal N. Chandravarkar Memorial Medal by Indian Institute of Science in 1990 (the thesis adjudged as the best thesis the best thesis on “Progress in Industry”).
  • Awarded SERC-UNDP Fellowship for collaborative research in USA from 1.4. 1994 to 31.8.1994 (Worked with Prof. Spanos, at Rice Uiversity, on the topic of stochastic linearization and with Prof. A. Kareem, at University of Notre Dame, on the topic of equivalent statistical quadratization and cubicization.
  • Invited by the Organisers of the Third International Conference on Concrete Technology for Developing Countries, held at Libya, during October 27-28, 1993, to present the paper “Safety Factors for the Design of Reinforced Concrete Flexural Members against First Crack”, by Prakash Desayi and Balaji Rao, K.
  • Invited by the Organisers Proc. of Asia-Pacific Symposium on Structural Reliability and its Applications, held at Tokyo, Japan, November 12-14, 1995, to present the paper “Risk Analysis of Cyclone-prone Regions and Industrial Structures”, by Balaji Rao, K and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R. and to deliver a talk on “Application Possibility in Practice and Future Directions of Reliability Methods”, at the Workshop.
  • Invited by the Organisers of Workshop on “Reliability Methods: Educational Aspects and Translational Aspects of Structural Reliability”, held at Tankamatsu, Japan, November 23, 1997.
  • Invited by Prof. Y. Narahari, Department of Computer Science and Automation, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, for visiting the Electronic Enterprises Laboratory, for delivering expert lectures and research collaboration in the areas of Stochastic Modelling, Optimisation and Game theory – He visits this laboratory almost once in two years.
  • Member of the CSIR-SERC team that won the 1999 CSIR Technology Prize for Computer-Aided Analysis and Design and Software Development
  • Co-author of the papers, which have been awarded M. Ramaiah Prize for the best technical paper among those, published by the group of scientists for the years 1997-98, 1998-99 and 2015-16.
  • Co-author of the papers which have been awarded the Certificate of Special Mention for the papers published by the group of scientists at SERC for the years 2004-05, 2011-12 and 2013-14.
  • Involved in nomination of Prof. P.D. Spanos, Professor, Rice University, USA, for Presidential Mentoring Award
  • Evaluator for some of the international collaborative research project proposals submitted to Qatar Research Foundation for possible funding.
  • Involved in evaluating the Ph. D theses and was invited to conduct the Viva-Voce examinations in different universities.
  • Involved in evaluating M. Sc. Engineering theses from Indian Institute of Science and Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, and a number of M. Tech. and B. Tech. project works from Indian Institute of Technology, Madras.
  • Best Paper Award for the paper entitled “Convex modeling of uncertainties for service life design of RC bridge girders exposed to marine environment” by Ahsana, P.V., K. Balaji Rao and M.B. Anoop, 2nd SRESA National Conference on Reliability and Safety Engineering (NCRS’15), October 8-10, 2015, CEG Campus, Anna University, Chennai.

Editorial Assignments

  • Co-Editor, Journal of Structural Engineering, serc.res.in, CSIR-SERC
  • Co-Editor, Special Issue on ‘Hybrid Uncertainty Handling in Engineering Decision Making’, SRESA Journal of Life Cycle Reliability and Safety Engineering, http://sresa.org.in/index.html, ISSN 2250 0820, (Two issues).
  • Editorial Board Member, Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology, http://www.scirp.org/journal/ojsst, ISSN Print: 2162-5999, ISSN Online: 2162-6006
  • Editorial Board Member, International Journal of Engineering under Uncertainty: Hazards, Assessment and Mitigation, 2012.
  • Member, Editorial Team, Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/JCEMS, ISSN: 2141-6605.
  • Member, Editorial Board, Evolving Trends in Engineering & Technology, ISSN: 2349-915X, Open Access Journal, 2014 – continuing.
  • (i) Member, Editorial sub-committee for the Symposium Proceedings, (ii) Technical Sessions Committee, International Symposium on Fatigue and Fracture in Steel and Concrete Structures, ISFF’91, CSIR-SERC, Madras, December 19-21, 1991.

Reviewer  for the following National and International Journals:

  • American Concrete Institute – Structural Journal
  • Advances in Structural Engineering, Multi-Science Publishing
  • African Journal of Engineering Research (AJER)
  • Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering, Springer
  • American Society of Civil Engineers – Journal of Structural Engineering
  • Composites Part B: Engineering – Journal, Elsevier
  • Computers and Concrete, An International Journal, Techno Press
  • Construction and Building Materials, Elsevier.
  • Earthquakes & Structures, An international Journal, Techno Press
  • Experimental Techniques, Wiley International
  • Georisk, Taylor & Francis
  • IEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering
  • IEEE Transactions on Man, Cybernetics and Systems
  • IEEE Transactions on Reliability
  • Indian Concrete Journal
  • Institutions of Engineers (India)
  • International Journal of Engineering under Uncertainty: Hazards, Assessment and Mitigation
  • International Journal of Steel Structures, Springer
  • ISET Journal of Earthquake Technology
  • Journal of the Geological Society of India, Springer
  • Materials & Structures, Springer
  • Materials Research, Ibero-American Journal of Materials
  • Natural Hazards, Springer
  • Nuclear Engineering and Design, Elsevier
  • Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology, Scientific Research Publishing
  • Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, London – Bridge Engineering
  • Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, London – Structures and Buildings
  • Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, London – Urban Design and Planning
  • Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, London – Construction Materials
  • PLOS ONE
  • Sadhana (Indian Academy of Sciences), Springer
  • SRESA Journal of Life Cycle Reliability and Safety Engineering
  • Structural Engineering & Mechanics, An international Journal, Techno Press

 CSIR – Leadership Award

Awarded the Certificate of Merit on 6th March 2008 after successful completion of the CSIR Leadership Development Programme (for middle to senior level leaders) conducted by CSIR-HRD Centre, Ghaziabad, in four modules – only scientist to achieve this from CSIR-SERC.

Publications

SCI Journal Publications

  1. Prakash Desayi and Balaji Rao, K., Probabilistic analysis of cracking of RC beams, Materials and Structures, RILEM (Paris), 20, 1987, pp.408-417.
  2. Prakash Desayi and Balaji Rao, K., Probabilistic analysis of tensile strength of ferrocement, International Journal of Cement Composites and Light Weight Concrete (UK), 10(1), 1988, pp.15-25.
  3. Prakash Desayi and Balaji Rao, K., Probabilistic analysis of cracking moment of RC beams, ACI Structural Journal, ACI, 86(3), 1989, pp.235-241.
  4. Prakash Desayi and Balaji Rao, K., Reliability analysis of RC beams in limit state of cracking – failure rate analysis approach, Materials and Structures, RILEM (Paris), 22, 1989, pp.269-279.
  5. Prakash Desayi and Balaji Rao, K., Markov chain model for cracking behaviour of reinforced concrete beams, Journal of Structural Engineering, ASCE, 115(9), 1989, pp. 2129-2144.
  6. Prakash Desayi and Balaji Rao, K., Estimation of spacing and width of cracks in ferrocement monolithic I-joists, Journal of Ferrocement, 23(1), 1993, pp.1-13.
  7. Tognarelli, M.A., Zhao, J., Balaji Rao, K. and Kareem, A., Equivalent statistical quadratization and cubicization for nonlinear systems, Journal of Engineering Mechanics,  ASCE, 123(5), 1997, pp. 512-523.
  8. Murlidharan, T.L., Balaji Rao, K., Durgaprasad, J and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Handling uncertainties in knowledge modeling and acquisition for the development of a knowledge-based system, Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, 14, 1999, pp. 141 – 154.
  9. Balaji Rao, K and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Cracking in reinforced concrete flexural members – a reliability model, International Journal of Structural Engineering and Mechanics, 7(3), 1999, pp. 303 – 318.
  10. Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Application of fuzzy sets for estimating the service life of reinforced concrete structural members in corrosive environments, Engineering Structures, 24(9), 2002, pp.1229 – 1242.
  11. Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., A methodology for durability-based service life design of reinforced concrete flexural members, Magazine of Concrete Research, 55(3), 2003, pp. 289 – 303.
  12. Manjuprasad, M., Gopalakrishnan, S. and Balaji Rao, K., Stochastic finite element based seismic analysis of framed structures with open-storey, International Journal of Structural Engineering and Mechanics, 15(4), 2003, pp. 381 – 394.
  13. Balaji Rao, K. and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Stochastic modelling of crackwidth in reinforced concrete beams subjected to fatigue loading, Engineering Structures, 26(5), 2004, pp. 665-673.
  14. Priya, C., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Lakshmanan, N., Gopika Vinod, Kushwaha, H.S. and Saraf, R.K., Probabilistic failure analysis of austenitic nuclear pipelines against stress corrosion cracking, Proceedings of Institution of Mechanical Engineers (UK) – Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, 219(7), 2005, pp. 607-626.
  15. Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Gopalakrishnan, S., Conversion of probabilistic information into fuzzy sets for engineering decision analysis, Computers & Structures, 84, 2006, pp. 141-155.
  16. Anoop, M.B. and Balaji Rao, K., Application of fuzzy sets for remaining life assessment of corrosion affected reinforced concrete bridge girders, Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, ASCE, 21(2), 2007, pp. 166-171.
  17. Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Lakshmanan, N., An algorithm for detection of change point in on-line monitoring data, Journal of Infrastructure Systems, ASCE, 14(1), 2008, pp. 33-41.
  18. Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Lakshmanan, N., Safety assessment of austenitic steel nuclear power plant pipelines against stress corrosion cracking in the presence of hybrid uncertainties, International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, 85(4), 2008, pp. 238-247.
  19. Anoop, M.B. and Balaji Rao, K., Determination of bounds on failure probability in the presence of hybrid uncertainties, Sadhana, 33(6), 2008, pp. 1 – 13.
  20. Balasubramanian, S.R., Balaji Rao, K., Dhiman Basu, Anoop, M.B. and Vaidyanathan, C.V., An improved method for estimation of elastic lateral stiffness of brick masonry shear walls with openings, KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, an International Journal, 15(2), 2011, pp. 281-293
  21. Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Sreeshylam, P., Sridhar, S., Kesavan, K., and Ravisankar, K., Assessment of prestress losses in instrumented prestressed concrete beams using stochastic analysis, Strain, 47, 2011, pp. e175–e188.
  22. Anoop, M.B., Prabhu, G. and Balaji Rao, K., Probabilistic analysis of shear fatigue life of steel plate girders using fracture mechanics approach, Proceedings of Institution of Mechanical Engineers (UK) – Journal of Risk and Reliability, 225(4), 2011, pp. 389 – 398.
  23. Anoop, M.B., Raghuprasad, B.K. and Balaji Rao, K., A refined methodology for durability-based service life estimation of reinforced concrete structural elements considering fuzzy and random uncertainties, Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, 27(3), 2012, pp. 170 – 186.
  24. Balaji Rao, K., Bhaskar Desai, V. and Jagan Mohan D., Probabilistic analysis of Mode II fracture of concrete with crushed granite stone fine aggregate replacing sand, Construction and Building Materials, 27(1), 2012, pp. 319 – 330.
  25. Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K.,  Lakshmanan, N. and Raghuprasad B.K., Markov chain modeling of evolution of strains in reinforced concrete flexural beams, Materiales de Construcción, 61(307), 2012, pp. 443 – 453.
  26. Balaji Rao, K., Bhaskar Desai  and Jagan Mohan  D, Experimental investigations on Mode II fracture of concrete with stone dust, Materials Research, 15(1), 2012, pp. 41 – 50.
  27. Kamatchi, P., Balaji Rao, K., Nagesh R. Iyer,  and Arunachalam, S., Neural network-based methodology for inter-arrival times of earthquakes, Natural Hazards, 64, 2012, pp. 1291-1303.
  28. Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Application of Chebyshev- and Markov-type inequalities in structural engineering, Reliability: Theory & Applications, Electronic Journal of International Group on Reliability, 8(1), 2013.
  29. Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Kesavan, K., Balasubramanian, S.R., Ravisankar, K. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Modelling of strains in reinforced concrete flexural members using alpha-stable distribution, Computers and Concrete, 11(5), 2013, pp. 411-414.
  30. Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Why do we need probability distributions with fat tails to describe the surface strain evolution in reinforced concrete flexural members?, Meccanica, 48, 2013, pp.1517–1542.
  31. Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Raghava, G., Prakash, M. and Rajadurai, A., Probabilistic fatigue life analysis of welded steel plate railway bridge girders using S–N curve approach, Proceedings of Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part O: Journal of Risk and Reliability, 227(4), 2013, pp. 385–404.
  32. Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Advanced models for condition survey and inspection planning of RC structures in marine environment, International Journal of SEWC, 3(1), pp. 37-43.
  33. Devandiran, P., Kamatchi, P., Balaji Rao, K., Ravisankar, K. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Probabilistic analysis of spectral displacement by NSA and NDA, Earthquakes and Structures, An International Journal, 5(4), 2013, pp. 439-459.
  34. Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Stochastic analysis of RC beams with corroded reinforcement, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers (UK) – Construction Materials, 167(1), 2014, pp. 26-35.
  35. Balasubramanian, S.R., Balaji Rao, K., Meher Prasad, A., Rupen, G. and Anoop M.B., A methodology for development of seismic fragility curves for URBM buildings, Earthquakes & Structures, an International Journal, 6(6), 2014, pp. 611-625.
  36. Kamatchi, P., Balaji Rao, K., Dhayalini, B., Saibabu, S., Parivallal, S., Ravisankar, K. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Long-term prestress loss and camber of box girder bridge, ACI Structural Journal, 111(6), 2014, pp. 1297-1306.
  37. Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Harikrishna, P., Selvi Rajan, S. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Prediction of negative peak wind pressures on roofs of low-rise building, Wind and Structures, 19(6), 2014, pp. 623-647.
  38. Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., S. Muralidhara and B.K. Raghuprasad, Handling large variations in mechanics: some applications, Sadhana, 40(5), 2015, pp. 1579–1594.
  39. P.V., Balaji Rao, K. and M.B. Anoop, Stochastic analysis of flexural strength of RC beams subjected to chloride induced corrosion, Materials Research, Vol. 18, No. 6, 2015, pp. 1224-1241.
  40. Anoop, M.B. and Balaji Rao, K., Seismic damage estimation of reinforced concrete framed structures affected by chloride-induced corrosion, Earthquakes and Structures, Vol. 9, No. 4, 2015, pp. 851-873.
  41. Balasubramanian, S.R., Maheswari, D., Cynthia, A., Balaji Rao, K., Meher Prasad, A., Goswami, R. and Sivakumar, P., Experimental determination of statistical parameters associated with uniaxial compression behaviour of brick masonry, Current Science, Vol. 109, No. 11, 2015, pp. 2094-2102.
  42. P.V., Balaji Rao, K. and M.B. Anoop, Time-variant reliability analysis of RC bridge girders subjected to corrosion – shear limit state, Structural Concrete, Vol. 17, No. 2, 2016, pp. 162-174.
  43. Anoop, M.B. and Balaji Rao, K., Performance Evaluation of corrosion-affected reinforced concrete bridge girders using Markov chains with fuzzy states, Sadhana, Vol. 41, No. 8, 2016, pp. 887-899.
  44. Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and B.K. Raghuprasad, Performance-based remaining life assessment of reinforced concrete bridge girders, Computers & Concrete, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2016, pp. 69-97.
  45. Shatabdi Mallick, Anoop, M.B. and Balaji Rao, K., Prediction of basic creep of concrete – semi-empirical model based on adaptive link mechanism, ACI Materials Journal, Vol. 114, No. 1, 2017, pp. 29-39

Non-SCI Journals

  1. Prakash Desayi and Balaji Rao, K., Statistical analysis of doubly reinforced RC rectangular beams – limit state of strength in flexure, Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India), Civil Engineering Division, 67(C12), 1986, pp.78-82.
  2. Prakash Desayi and Balaji Rao, K., Reliability analysis of reinforced concrete rectangular beams – limit state of strength in flexure, Indian Concrete Journal,.61(1), 1987, pp.23-26.
  3. Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Murlidharan, T.L., Balaji Rao, K and Durgaprasad, J., Knowledge-based expert system for damage assessment and vulnerability analysis of structures subjected to cyclones, Journal of Structural Engineering, 22(1), 1995, pp. 1-10.
  4. Balaji Rao, K and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R, Reliability of reinforced concrete beams against first crack in flexure, Journal of Structural Engineering, 22(3), 1995, pp.145-152.
  5. Thomas, C.,  Balaji Rao, K and  Appa  Rao,  T.V.S.R., “Reliability  analysis of steel roof  trusses  subjected  to wind loads”, Journal of Institution of Engineers (India), Civil Engineering Division, Vol. 78, 1998, pp. 180 – 187.
  6. Balaji Rao, K and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R. Probabilistic analysis of wind loads and reliability – based design of structural components, Journal of Structural Engineering, 25(1), 1998, pp. 65 – 74.
  7. Balaji Rao, K. and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Probabilistic analysis of strength of steel imperfect columns, Journal of Structural Engineering, 27(1), 2000, pp. 41-48.
  8. Balaji Rao, K. and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., A methodology for condition assessment of RC girder with limited inspection data, The Bridge and Structural Engineer, Ing-IABSE, 29(4), 1999, pp. 13 – 26.
  9. Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Modelling the resistance degradation of reinforced concrete structures due to corrosion – a fuzzy methodology, New Building Materials & Construction World, 7(2), 2001, pp. 53-63.
  10. Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K., Appa Rao, T.V.S.R. and Gopalakrishnan, S., International standards for durability of RC structures: Part 1 – a critical review, The Indian Concrete Journal, 75(9), 2001, pp. 559-569.
  11. Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K., Appa Rao, T.V.S.R. and Gopalakrishnan, S., International standards for durability of RC structures: Part II – recommendations for IS 456: 2000, The Indian Concrete Journal, 75(11), 2001, pp. 693-698.
  12. Sridhar, S., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Lakshmanan, N., Gopika Vinod, Babar, A. K. and Kushwaha, H. S., Sensitivity analysis of J-integral for pipes containing simple through-wall cracks, Journal of Structural Engineering, 29(4), 2003, pp. 213-222.
  13. Balaji Rao, K. and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Reliability analysis of steel imperfect columns, Journal of Structural Engineering, 30(1), 2003, pp. 57-60.
  14. Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Lakshmanan, N., Gopalakrishnan, S. and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Risk-based remaining life assessment of corrosion affected reinforced concrete structural members, Journal of Structural Engineering, 31(1), 2004, pp. 1-15.
  15. Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Appa Rao, T.V.S.R. and Gopalakrishnan, S., Reliability analysis as a decision making tool for the selection of type of surface coating for reinforced concrete structural members (as a corrosion protection measure), Ing-IABSE Journal The Bridge and Structural Engineer, 34(3), 2004, pp.1-11.
  16. Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Lakshmanan, N., Gopalakrishnan, S. and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Application of Brunswikian theory for corrosion damage assessment of reinforced concrete structural members, The Brunswikian Society Newsletter, 2004, pp. 4-5.
  17. Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K., Shilpa, K. and Gopalakrishnan, S., Reliability-based optimal design of a steel truss bridge girder using fuzzy system reliability analysis, Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India) – Civil Engineering Division, 85(4), 2005, pp. 247-253.
  18. Prashant V. Ram, Vaidyanathan, C.V., Balaji Rao K. and Anoop, M.B., Application of convex models for robust reliability analysis of block type machine foundation, Journal of Structural Engineering, 33(1), 2006, pp. 101-107
  19. Priya, C., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., and Lakshmanan, N., Some case studies on probabilistic failure analysis of un-reinforced brick masonry structures in india against earthquakes, Masonry International, Journal of British Masonry Society, 20(1), 2007, pp. 35-54.
  20. Bhaskar Desai. V, Balaji Rao. K, Jagan Mohan. D., Some studies on Mode-II fracture of heavy weight metallic aggregate cement concrete, Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (An International Research Journal of Engineering Sciences and Technologies), 1(2), 2008, pp. 41 – 47.
  21. Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Gopalakrishnan, S. and Lakshmanan, N., Recommendations to BIS on durability- and serviceability-related provisions for the design of reinforced concrete structural elements, Ing-IABSE Journal The Bridge and Structural Engineer, 37(3), 2007, pp. 1-20.
  22. Balaji Rao, K., Markov chain modeling for reliability estimation of engineering systems at different scales – Some considerations, Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, An International Research Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 3(1), 2010, pp.15-19. (also org/pdf/0708.1566)
  23. Balasubramanian, S.R., Balaji Rao, K., Vasuki, P., Anoop, M.B., Daniel Ronald Joseph, J. and Nagesh R. Iyer, District-wise first order seismic loss estimation to the brick masonry buildings, in the States: Uttar Pradesh; Uttarakhand, Punjab and Tamil Nadu, Journal of Structural Engineering, 36(6), 2010, pp.427-430.
  24. Daniel Ronald Joseph, J., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B. and Nagesh R. Iyer, A critique on the use of quality factors for developing attenuation relations for the regions in India, Journal of Structural Engineering, 36(6), 2010, pp.454-458.
  25. Balasubramanian, S.R., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Daniel Ronald Joseph, J. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Development of capacity curve for a typical two storey reinforced brick masonry building, Proceedings of Institution of Engineers India, Journal: Civil Engineering, 90, 2010, pp.19-24.
  26. Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K., Raghuprasad, B.K., Ravisankar, K. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Change point detection in corrosion health monitoring using statistical techniques, Journal of Structural Engineering, 37(1), 2010, pp.66-74.
  27. Priya, T., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Balasubramanian, S.R. and Nagesh R. Iyer, A short note on estimation of occurrence of earthquakes in Tamil Nadu region, Journal of Structural Engineering, 37(2), 2010, pp. 142-144.
  28. Daniel Ronald Joseph, J., Balaji Rao K. and Anoop, M.B., Probabilistic analysis of steel columns designed according to IS: 800-2007, Journal of Structural Engineering, 37(2), 2010, pp. 96-100.
  29. Priya, T., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Balasubramanian, S.R., Thangapandi, J., Vasuki, P. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Occurrence of earthquakes in Southern India: a Bayesian approach, Journal of Structural Engineering, 37(3), 2010, pp. 163-166.
  30. Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Prakash, M. and Rajadurai, A., System reliability analysis of railway plate girder bridge, Ing-IABSE Journal The Bridge and Structural Engineer, 40(2), 2010, pp. 35-46.
  31. Daniel Ronald Joseph, J., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B. and Uma Rani, C., An approach to consider uncertainties in the design of steel columns, Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India) – Civil Engineering Division, 91, 2010, pp. 3 – 7.
  32. Daniel Ronald Joseph, J., Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., A study on clustered and de-clustered world-wide earthquake data using G-R recurrence law, International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 4(6), 2011, pp. 178-182.
  33. Kamatchi, P., Balaji Rao, K., Arunachalam, S. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Methodologies for vulnerability assessment of built- environment subjected to earthquakes, International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 4(6), 2011, pp. 183-188.
  34. Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Kamatchi, P., Balasubramanian, S.R., Daniel Ronald Joseph, J. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Stochastic response analysis and development of fragility curves of reinforced concrete chimneys subject to stochastic seismic excitations, International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 4(6), 2011, pp. 565-570.
  35. Kamatchi, P., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Nagesh R. Iyer Classification of soil sites and response spectra for Chennai city, Journal of Structural Engineering, 37(6), 2011, pp.384-388.
  36. Balasubramanian, S.R., Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Lakshmanan, N., Probabilistic analysis of a simply supported RC T-Beam bridge deck, Ing-IABSE Journal The Bridge and Structural Engineer, 42(2), 2012, pp. 43 – 58.
  37. Venkatesha, K.V., Balaji Rao, K., Dinesh, S.V., Bharathkumar, B.H., Anoop, M.B., Balasubramanian, S.R. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Experimental Investigation on Reinforced Concrete Beams without and with CFRP Wrapping, Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering, XX(3), 2012, pp. 15-26.
  38. Susan Jacob, Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K., Babu Kurian and Nagesh R. Iyer, Probabilistic analysis of creep of cement paste at nanogranular level, Journal of Structural Engineering, 39(5), 2012, pp. 522-528.
  39. Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Raghuprasad, B.K., Remaining life estimation of corrosion-affected rc bridge girders using online monitoring data – a fuzzy-random approach, Life Cycle Reliability and Safety Engineering, 2(1),2013, pp. 60-71.
  40. Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Condition assessment of structures: some issues related to handling uncertainties, International Journal of Forensic Engineering, 1(3/4), 2013, pp. 238-259.
  41. Arun Balu, K. Balaji Rao, M.B. Anoop, P. Kamatchi and Nagesh R. Iyer, Effect of RH on creep of concrete – some studies relevant to Indian conditions, Journal of Structural Engineering, 39(6), 2013, pp. 609-619.
  42. Daniel Ronald Joseph, J., Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Establishing hierarchical order of influence of variables of B3 creep model, ICI Journal, 13(4), 2013, pp. 24-28.
  43. Anoop, M.B. and Balaji Rao, K., Generation of site-specific response spectra through fuzzy-stochastic modelling, Life Cycle Reliability and Safety Engineering, 2(3), 2013, pp. 1-7.
  44. Daniel Ronald Joseph, J., Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Determination of hierarchical order of “objects” affecting interaction equations of steel beam-column using cluster analysis, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research (online journal), 4(8), 2013.
  45. Arunachalam, S., Kamatchi, P., Rama Raju, K., Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K., Harikrishna, P. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Methodology for deriving multihazard factors for design base shear of buildings for wind and earthquake hazard for peninsular India, Journal of Structural Engineering, 40(4), 2013, pp. 321-331.
  46. Jiboy Jose, Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Gopika Vinod and Kushwaha, H.S., Probabilistic failure assessment of PWR nuclear power plant piping components against erosion-corrosion, Life Cycle Reliability and Safety Engineering, 3(1), 2014, pp. 48-59.
  47. Anoop, M.B. and Balaji Rao, K., Safety assessment of nuclear power plant pipelines against thermomechanical fatigue in the presence of hybrid uncertainties, Life Cycle Reliability and Safety Engineering, 3(2), 2014, 37-43.
  48. Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Producer’s risk associated with concrete compressive strength acceptance criteria of IS 456-2000, Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India) – Civil Engineering Division, 94(4), 2014:243-249.
  49. Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Reliability analysis of reinforced concrete bridge piers subjected to earthquakes, Life Cycle Reliability and Safety Engineering, 3(3), 2014, 33-42.
  50. Reshma, C.V., Balasubramanian, S.R., Balaji Rao, K., Rupen Goswami and Sivakumar, P., Effect of uncertainties in development of fragility curves for URBM building, Indian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol 8, No. 28, 2015, pp. 1-6.
  51. Kamatchi, P., Dhayalini, B., Balaji Rao, K., Saibabu, S., Parivallal, S., Ravisankar, K. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Estimation of long-term prestress losses of box girder bridge span using the prestress loss models in Indian and international codes of practice and comparison with field measurements, Indian Concrete Journal, Vol. 89, No. 5, 2015, pp. 59-68.
  52. P.V., Balaji Rao, K. and M.B. Anoop, Convex modeling of uncertainties for service life design of RC bridge girders exposed to marine environment, Life Cycle Reliability and Safety Engineering, Vol.4, Issue 4, 2015, 08-14.
  53. Kodiswari, V., Balasubramanian, S.R., Sakthieswaran, N., Meher Prasad, A. and Sivakumar, P. Seismic fragility curves of URBM building – A sensitivity analysis, International Journal of Aerospace, Mechanical, Structural and Mechatronics Engineering, 1(1), 2015 pp. 23-29.
  54. Shatabdi Mallick, Anoop, M.B. and Balaji Rao, K., Continuous retardation spectrum for basic creep of concrete, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 43, No. 3, 2016, pp. 297-302.
  55. Vijaya Bhaskara, G.S., Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Mix proportioning of fly ash concrete: comparison of salient codes, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 43, No. 6, 2017.