### Dr Anoop M.B

#### Senior Principal Scientist & Head

CSIR-SERC

- CSIR-SERC , Taramani, Chennai – 600 113.
- anoop(at)serc(dot)res(dot)in
- +91-44-22549190

- Academic Background
- Professional Background
- Areas of Scientific Interest
- Awards & Honours
- Publications

### Academic Background

- Ph. D in Civil Engineering , Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Science , Bangalore
- M.E. in Civil Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Science , Bangalore
- B.Tech. in Civil Engineering, Govt. Engineering College, Thrissur, University of Calicut

### Professional Background

- Senior Principal Scientist, CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, 19 Mar 2016 – till date
- Principal Scientist, CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, 2011 – 18 Mar 2016
- Senior Scientist, CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, Chennai, 2007 – 2011
- Scientist, CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, Chennai, 2002 – 2007
- Junior Scientist, CSIR-Structural Engineering Research Centre, Chennai, 1998 – 2002

### Areas of Scientific Interest

- Computational mechanics
- Fuzzy and fuzzy-random modelling
- Seismic hazard analysis
- Reliability analysis
- Durability-based service life design

### Awards & Honours

- Co-author of the paper, which have been awarded
**M. Ramaiah Prize**for the best technical paper among those, published by the group of scientists for the year.*2015-16* - Co-author of the papers which have been awarded the
**Certificate of Special Mention**for the papers published by the group of scientists at SERC for the years,*2004-05*and*2011-12*.*2013-14* **Best Paper Award**for the paper entitled “Convex modeling of uncertainties for service life design of RC bridge girders exposed to marine environment” by Ahsana, P.V., K. Balaji Rao and M.B. Anoop, 2^{nd}SRESA National Conference on Reliability and Safety Engineering (NCRS’15), October 8-10, 2015, CEG Campus, Anna University, Chennai.

### Publications

**SCI Journal Publications**

- Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Application of fuzzy sets for estimating the service life of reinforced concrete structural members in corrosive environments, Engineering Structures, Vol. 24, No. 9, September 2002, pp.1229 – 1242.
- Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., A methodology for durability-based service life design of reinforced concrete flexural members”, Magazine of Concrete Research, Vol. 55, No. 3, June 2003, pp. 289 – 303.
- Priya, C., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Lakshmanan, N., Gopika Vinod, Kushwaha, H.S. and Saraf, R.K., Probabilistic failure analysis of austenitic nuclear pipelines against stress corrosion cracking, Proceedings of Institution of Mechanical Engineers (UK) – Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, Vol. 219, No. 7, July 2005, pp. 607-626.
- Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Gopalakrishnan, S., Conversion of probabilistic information into fuzzy sets for engineering decision analysis, Computers & Structures, Vol. 84, January 2006, pp. 141-155.
- Anoop, M.B. and Balaji Rao, K., Application of fuzzy sets for remaining life assessment of corrosion affected reinforced concrete bridge girders, Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities, ASCE, Vol. 21, No.2, March-April 2007, pp. 166-171.
- Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Lakshmanan, N., An algorithm for detection of change point in on-line monitoring data, Journal of Infrastructure Systems, ASCE, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2008, pp. 33-41.
- Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Lakshmanan, N., Safety assessment of austenitic steel nuclear power plant pipelines against stress corrosion cracking in the presence of hybrid uncertainties, International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping, Vol. 85, No. 4, 2008, pp. 238-247.
- Anoop, M.B. and Balaji Rao, K., Determination of bounds on failure probability in the presence of hybrid uncertainties, Sadhana, Vol.33, Part 6, December 2008, pp. 1 – 13.
- Balasubramanian, S.R., Balaji Rao, K., Dhiman Basu, Anoop, M.B. and Vaidyanathan, C.V., An improved method for estimation of elastic lateral stiffness of brick masonry shear walls with openings, KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, an International Journal, Vol. 15, No. 2, 2011, pp. 281-293
- Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Sreeshylam, P., Sridhar, S., Kesavan, K., and Ravisankar, K., Assessment of prestress losses in instrumented prestressed concrete beams using stochastic analysis, Strain, Vol. 47, 2011, pp. e175–e188.
- Anoop, M.B., Prabhu, G. and Balaji Rao, K., Probabilistic analysis of shear fatigue life of steel plate girders using fracture mechanics approach, Proceedings of Institution of Mechanical Engineers (UK) – Journal of Risk and Reliability, 225(4), 2011, pp. 389 – 398.
- Anoop, M.B., Raghuprasad, B.K. and Balaji Rao, K., A refined methodology for durability-based service life estimation of reinforced concrete structural elements considering fuzzy and random uncertainties, Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering, 27(3), 2012, pp. 170 – 186.
- Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K., Lakshmanan, N., Raghuprasad B.K., Markov chain modeling of evolution of strains in reinforced concrete flexural beams, Materiales de Construcción, 61(307), 2012, pp. 443 – 453.
- Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Application of Chebyshev- and Markov-type inequalities in structural engineering, Reliability: Theory & Applications, Electronic Journal of International Group on Reliability, 8(1), 2013.
- Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Kesavan, K., Balasubramanian, S.R., Ravisankar, K. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Modelling of strains in reinforced concrete flexural members using alpha-stable distribution, Computers and Concrete, 11(5), 2013, pp. 411-414.
- Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Why do we need probability distributions with fat tails to describe the surface strain evolution in reinforced concrete flexural members?, Meccanica, 48, 2013, pp.1517–1542.
- Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Raghava, G., Prakash, M. and Rajadurai, A., Probabilistic fatigue life analysis of welded steel plate railway bridge girders using S–N curve approach, Proceedings of Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part O: Journal of Risk and Reliability, Vol. 227, No. 4, 2013, pp. 385–404.
- Balasubramanian, S.R., Balaji Rao, K., Meher Prasad, A., Rupen, G. and Anoop M.B., A methodology for development of seismic fragility curves for URBM buildings, Earthquakes & Structures, an International Journal, 6(6), 2014, pp. 611-625.
- Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Harikrishna, P., Selvi Rajan, S. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Prediction of negative peak wind pressures on roofs of low-rise building, Wind and Structures, 19(6), 2014, pp. 623-647.
- Balaji Rao, M.B. Anoop, S. Muralidhara and B.K. Raghuprasad, Handling large variations in mechanics: Some applications, Sadhana, 40(5), 2015, pp. 1579–1594.
- V. Ahsana, K. Balaji Rao and M.B. Anoop, Stochastic analysis of flexural strength of RC beams subjected to chloride induced corrosion, Materials Research, Vol. 18, No. 6, 2015, pp. 1224-1241.
- B. Anoop, K. Balaji Rao, Seismic damage estimation of reinforced concrete framed structures affected by chloride-induced corrosion, Earthquakes and Structures, Vol. 9, No. 4, 2015, pp. 851-873.
- V. Ahsana, K. Balaji Rao and M.B. Anoop, Time-variant reliability analysis of RC bridge girders subjected to corrosion – shear limit state, Structural Concrete, Vol. 17, No. 2, 2016, pp. 162-174.
- Anoop, M.B. and Balaji Rao, K., Performance Evaluation of corrosion-affected reinforced concrete bridge girders using Markov chains with fuzzy states, Sadhana, Vol. 41, No. 8, 2016, pp. 887-899.
- Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and B.K. Raghuprasad, Performance-based remaining life assessment of reinforced concrete bridge girders, Computers & Concrete, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2016, pp. 69-97.
- Shatabdi Mallick, Anoop, M.B. and Balaji Rao, K., Prediction of basic creep of concrete – semi-empirical model based on adaptive link mechanism, ACI Materials Journal, Vol. 114, No. 1, 2017, pp. 29-39

**Non-SCI Journals**

- Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Modelling the resistance degradation of reinforced concrete structures due to corrosion – a fuzzy methodology, New Building Materials & Construction World, Vol. 7, Issue 2, August 2001, pp. 53-63.
- Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K., Appa Rao, T.V.S.R. and Gopalakrishnan, S., International standards for durability of RC structures: Part 1 – a critical review, The Indian Concrete Journal, Vol. 75, No. 9, September 2001, pp. 559-569.
- Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K., Appa Rao, T.V.S.R. and Gopalakrishnan, S., International standards for durability of RC structures: Part II – Recommendations for IS 456: 2000, The Indian Concrete Journal, Vol. 75, No. 11, November 2001, pp. 693-698.
- Sridhar, S., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Lakshmanan, N., Gopika Vinod, Babar, A. K. and Kushwaha, H. S., Sensitivity analysis of J-integral for pipes containing simple through-wall cracks, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 29, No. 4, January – March 2003.
- Balaji Rao, K. and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Reliability analysis of steel imperfect columns, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 30, No. 1, April-June 2003, pp. 57-60.
- Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Lakshmanan, N., Gopalakrishnan, S. and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Risk-based remaining life assessment of corrosion affected reinforced concrete structural members, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 31, No. 1, April-June 2004.
- Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Appa Rao, T.V.S.R. and Gopalakrishnan, S., Reliability analysis as a decision making tool for the selection of type of surface coating for reinforced concrete structural members (as a corrosion protection measure), Ing-IABSE Journal The Bridge and Structural Engineer, Vol. 34, No. 3, September 2004, pp.1-11.
- Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Lakshmanan, N., Gopalakrishnan, S. and Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Application of Brunswikian theory for corrosion damage assessment of reinforced concrete structural members, The Brunswikian Society Newsletter, November 2004, pp. 4-5.
- Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K., Shilpa, K. and Gopalakrishnan, S., Reliability-based optimal design of a steel truss bridge girder using fuzzy system reliability analysis, Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India) – Civil Engineering Division, Vol. 85, No. 4, February 2005, pp. 247-253.
- Prashant V. Ram, Vaidyanathan, C.V., Balaji Rao K. and Anoop, M.B., Application of convex models for robust reliability analysis of block type machine foundation, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 33, No. 1, April-May 2006, pp. 101-107
- Priya, C., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., and Lakshmanan, N., Some case studies on probabilistic failure analysis of un-reinforced brick masonry structures in india against earthquakes, Masonry International, Journal of British Masonry Society, Vol. 20, No. 1, Spring 2007, pp. 35-54.
- Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Appa Rao, T.V.S.R., Gopalakrishnan, S. and Lakshmanan, N., Recommendations to BIS on durability- and serviceability-related provisions for the design of reinforced concrete structural elements, Ing-IABSE Journal The Bridge and Structural Engineer, Vol. 37, No. 3, September 2007, pp. 1-20.
- Balasubramanian, S.R., Balaji Rao, K., Vasuki, P., Anoop, M.B., Daniel Ronald Joseph, J. and Nagesh R. Iyer, District-wise first order seismic loss estimation to the brick masonry buildings, in the States: Uttar Pradesh; Uttarakhand, Punjab and Tamil Nadu, Journal of Structural Engineering (SERC), 36(6), 2010, pp.427-430.
- Daniel Ronald Joseph, J., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B. and Nagesh R. Iyer, A critique on the use of quality factors for developing attenuation relations for the regions in India, Journal of Structural Engineering, 36(6), 2010, pp.454-458.
- Balasubramanian, S.R., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Daniel Ronald Joseph, J. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Development of capacity curve for a typical two storey reinforced brick masonry building, Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India) – Civil Engineering Division, Vol. 90, 2010, pp.19-24.
- Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K., Raghuprasad, B.K., Ravisankar, K. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Change point detection in corrosion health monitoring using statistical techniques, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 37, No. 1, 2010, pp.66-74.
- Priya, T., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Balasubramanian, S.R. and Nagesh R. Iyer, A short note on estimation of occurrence of earthquakes in Tamil Nadu region, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 37, No. 2, 2010, pp. 142-144.
- Daniel Ronald Joseph, J., Balaji Rao K. and Anoop, M.B., Probabilistic analysis of steel columns designed according to IS: 800-2007, Journal of Structural Engineering, 37(2), 2010, pp. 96-100.
- Priya, T., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Balasubramanian, S.R., Thangapandi, J., Vasuki, P. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Occurrence of earthquakes in Southern India: a Bayesian approach, Journal of Structural Engineering, 37(3), 2010, pp. 163-166.
- Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Prakash, M. and Rajadurai, A., System reliability analysis of railway plate girder bridge, Ing-IABSE Journal The Bridge and Structural Engineer, Vol. 40, No. 2, 2010, pp. 35-46.
- Daniel Ronald Joseph, J., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B. and Uma Rani, C., An approach to consider uncertainties in the design of steel columns, Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India) – Civil Engineering Division, Vol. 91, 2010, pp. 3 – 7.
- Daniel Ronald Joseph, J., Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., A study on clustered and de-clustered world-wide earthquake data using G-R recurrence law, International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 4(6), 2011, pp. 178-182.
- Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Kamatchi, P., Balasubramanian, S.R., Daniel Ronald Joseph, J. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Stochastic response analysis and development of fragility curves of reinforced concrete chimneys subject to stochastic seismic excitations, International Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 4(6), 2011, pp. 565-570.
- Kamatchi, P., Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Nagesh R. Iyer Classification of soil sites and response spectra for Chennai city, Journal of Structural Engineering, 37(6), 2011, pp.384-388.
- Balasubramanian, S.R., Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Lakshmanan, N., Probabilistic analysis of a simply supported RC T-Beam bridge deck, Ing-IABSE Journal The Bridge and Structural Engineer, Vol. 42, No. 2, 2012, pp. 43 – 58.
- Venkatesha, K.V., Balaji Rao, K., Dinesh, S.V., Bharathkumar, B.H., Anoop, M.B., Balasubramanian, S.R. and Nagesh R. Iyer,, Experimental Investigation on Reinforced Concrete Beams without and with CFRP Wrapping, Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering, XX(3), 2012, pp. 15-26.
- Susan Jacob, Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K., Babu Kurian and Nagesh R. Iyer, Probabilistic analysis of creep of cement paste at nanogranular level, Journal of Structural Engineering, 39(5), December 2012 -January 2013, pp. 522-528.
- Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K. and Raghuprasad, B.K., Remaining life estimation of corrosion-affected rc bridge girders using online monitoring data – a fuzzy-random approach, Life Cycle Reliability and Safety Engineering, 2(1),2013, pp. 60-71.
- Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Condition assessment of structures: some issues related to handling uncertainties, International Journal of Forensic Engineering, 1(3/4), 2013, pp. 238-259.
- Arun Balu, K. Balaji Rao, M.B. Anoop, P. Kamatchi and Nagesh R. Iyer, Effect of RH on creep of concrete – some studies relevant to Indian conditions, Journal of Structural Engineering, 39(6), 2013, pp. 609-619.
- Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Advanced models for condition survey and inspection planning of RC structures in marine environment, International Journal of SEWC, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2013, pp. 37-43.
- Anoop, M.B. and Balaji Rao, K., Generation of site-specific response spectra through fuzzy-stochastic modelling, Life Cycle Reliability and Safety Engineering, 2(3), 2013, pp. 1-7.
- Daniel Ronald Joseph, J., Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Establishing hierarchical order of influence of variables of B3 creep model, ICI Journal, 13(4), 2013, pp. 24-28.
- Daniel Ronald Joseph, J., Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Determination of hierarchical order of “objects” affecting interaction equations of steel beam-column using cluster analysis, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research (online journal), 4(8), 2013.
- Arunachalam, S., Kamatchi, P., Rama Raju, K., Anoop, M.B., Balaji Rao, K., Harikrishna, P. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Methodology for deriving multihazard factors for design base shear of buildings for wind and earthquake hazard for peninsular India, Journal of Structural Engineering, 40(4), 2013, pp. 321-331.
- Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Stochastic analysis of RC beams with corroded reinforcement, Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers (UK) – Construction Materials, 167(1), 2014, 26-35.
- Jiboy Jose, Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B., Gopika Vinod and Kushwaha, H.S., Probabilistic failure assessment of PWR nuclear power plant piping components against erosion-corrosion, Life Cycle Reliability and Safety Engineering, 3(1), 2014, pp. 48-59.
- Anoop, M.B. and Balaji Rao, K., Safety assessment of nuclear power plant pipelines against thermomechanical fatigue in the presence of hybrid uncertainties, Life Cycle Reliability and Safety Engineering, 3(2), 2014, 37-43.
- Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Reliability analysis of reinforced concrete bridge piers subjected to earthquakes, Life Cycle Reliability and Safety Engineering, 3(3), 2014, 33-42.
- Balaji Rao, K., Anoop, M.B. and Nagesh R. Iyer, Acceptance criteria for the concrete compressive strength, Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India) – Civil Engineering Division, 94(4), 2014:243-249.
- P.V., K. Balaji Rao and M.B. Anoop, Convex modeling of uncertainties for service life design of RC bridge girders exposed to marine environment, Life Cycle Reliability and Safety Engineering, Vol.4, Issue 4, 2015, 08-14.
- Shatabdi Mallick, Anoop, M.B. and Balaji Rao, K., Continuous retardation spectrum for basic creep of concrete, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 43, No. 3, 2016, pp. 297-302.
- Vijaya Bhaskara, G.S., Balaji Rao, K. and Anoop, M.B., Mix proportioning of fly ash concrete: comparison of salient codes, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 43, No. 6, 2017.